Here are some links that I found helpful in my search for information on Insufficient Glandular Tissue.


Finding Sufficiency: Breastfeeding With Insufficient Glandular Tissue (2014) by IGT expert and advocate, Diana Cassar-Uhl, MPH, IBCLC.

The Breastfeeding Mother's Guide to Making More Milk (2008) A thorough book, with advice on improving supply.

Web Articles

Hypoplasia/Insufficient Glandular Tissue (2012) by expert lactation consultant Diana Cassar-Uhl, on the Kellymom website.

Living With Chronic Low Milk Supply (2007) READ THIS article if you have IGT! A great, comprehensive article from MOBI.

Breastfeeding with Insufficient Glandular Tissue (2006) written by a woman with IGT

Web Forum Discussions

Facebook Group - IGT and Low Milk Supply Support Group You will need to log in to your facebook account and request to join this group. This is a very active group, a great source of support and advice from other moms.

The Risk of Invalidating Moms Who Say They Can't Breastfeed (2010) Article, Resource List, and postings by moms with IGT/Hypoplastic Breasts

Does Anyone Else Have Insufficient Glandular Tissue ( Forum)


When the booby fairy doesn't arrive - insufficient glandular tissue/breast hypoplasia (2011)  A 45 minute interview by Motherlove with Diana Cassar-Uhl, IBCLC.

Breast Hypoplasia and Breastfeeding (2012) A 43 minute interview by The Boob Group with Diana Cassar-Uhl, IBCLC and a panel of moms with IGT.


The Supplemental Nursing System (SNS) by Medela and the Lact-Aid allow you to feed formula through a tube while you breastfeed. For a photo of the SNS being used, click here. I have only used SNS, and found it frustrating, although other mothers love it. This article by an adoptive mom compares the two and speaks highly of the Lact-Aid.

Domperidone is the top prescription drug recommended in Canada for increasing breastmilk. In the U.S. it is only available at compounding pharmacies (find one near you by calling the IACP at 1-800-927-4227).

Goat's Rue is thought to increase glandular tissue.

Fenugreek can increase your milk supply.

Journal Articles

Supporting Mothers With Mammary Hypoplasia (Diana Cassar-Uhl, 2009) This article discusses how to recognize hypoplasia, theories on causes, and how to support mothers with the condition.

Recognizing and Treating Delayed or Failed Lactogenesis II (Hurst, 2007) A must-read for every lactation consultant and midwife.

Markers of Lactation Insufficiency: A Study of 34 Mothers (Huggins, Petok, Mireles 2000). 

Patient with Insufficient Glandular Tissue Experiences Milk Supply Increase Attributed to Progesterone Treatment for Luteal Phase Defect (Bodley, Powers, 1999)

Lactation Failure Due to Insufficient Glandular Development of the Breast(Neifert, Seacat, Jobe, 1985)


E.C. We love it. Consider not "diaper-training" your baby. 

Daily parenting e-mails ("The Daily Groove") from Scott Noelle. 

Ina May's Guide to Childbirth (link) and The Thinking Woman's Guide to a Better Birth (link). My two favourite books about birth.

Moonwit (A.K.A. Moontime) Pads With these so-soft pads you may actually find yourself looking forward to your cycle.

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Please feel free to e-mail me, Heather Wong, at

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